Written by Dhanendra Kumar
It’s a watershed second for start-ups within the defence manufacturing area in India. On the lately concluded Aero-India present, the federal government signed a Rs 48,000 crore contract to obtain 83 Tejas aircrafts from HAL, the biggest “Make in India” deal ever. Extra importantly, the Air Pressure Chief R Ok S Bhadauria clearly underlined the significance of constructing indigenous defence functionality with participation from our personal sector. These developments are a “call-to-action” for India’s tech-savvy startups to now make their presence felt within the nationwide safety realm.
At this time, India has the third largest startup ecosystem on the earth, with near 50,000 startups. Based on information offered by the Ministry of Commerce and Business, 1,300 new tech startups have been born in 2019 alone, which implies that two to 3 tech startups are born day by day in our nation. Nonetheless, not sufficient of our mavericks are daring to enter the defence area. One solely wants to take a look at the sectoral unfold of our unicorns to seek out the proof for this. Out of the 21 Indian unicorns recognized by the Hurun International Unicorn Record 2020, seven have been in e-commerce, three in fintech, two every within the shared economic system, on-demand supply and logistics and one every within the new vitality, edu-tech, large information, communications and gaming segments. Sadly for us, defence was not among the many first 10 sectors of our economic system to provide a minimum of one unicorn.
The above recognized drawback has taken on a critical dimension because the escalation of tensions with China final 12 months. India must ramp up indigenous defence manufacturing not solely for the sake of accelerating export-driven manufacturing, but additionally for self-reliance within the face of a formidable adversary. Regrettably, in 2018-19, defence procurement from Indian distributors was at a five-year low. Nearly precisely a 12 months in the past, particulars tabled within the Lok Sabha by Shripad Naik, Minister of State for Defence, confirmed that over the past 5 years, whereas the procurement from Indian distributors had elevated, in 2018-19, it fell by 10.8 per cent on a year-on-year foundation. At the moment, the personal sector in India has lower than 5 per cent annual share of direct orders from the defence ministry for manufacturing. Whereas these are statistics which may be trigger for concern for residents and monetary deficit hawks, they illustrate a huge alternative for startups.
India is at present the world’s second-largest arms importer, accounting for 9.2 per cent of the worldwide arms imports between 2015-19. With a authorities poised to scale back import-dependence on the helm, start-ups have a massive pie to go after. India is the third-largest army spender on the earth with its army spending at $71.1 billion in 2019. India’s start-ups with best-in-class capabilities in automation, robotics, navigation programs, drones and massive information ought to now goal the defence manufacturing sector with a laser focus. From a “winner-takes-all” strategy that’s prevalent within the digital economic system, startups now want to maneuver to an “all-are-winners” strategy to reach the nationwide safety area. When the technological prowess of our start-ups provides to our army may, it is going to be a win-win for residents and troopers in addition to entrepreneurs and authorities officers dedicated to constructing self-reliance.
In fact, start-ups must be supplied with big-bang advantages with the intention to encourage them to contribute to our defence capabilities. The federal government has already rolled out some initiatives to this finish. In 2018, the federal government launched “Improvements for Defence Excellence” (iDEX), an initiative to supply incubation and funding help to MSMEs and start-ups. The federal government’s Defence India Startup Challenges (DISC) additionally gives a platform for start-ups to produce modern options to the armed forces. Nonetheless, these must be augmented by advertising and marketing help and incentives corresponding to tax exemptions, subsidised land for manufacturing amenities and simplified procurement processes. The federal government must also facilitate start-ups to succeed in army institutions of pleasant nations with their know-how options by its diplomatic channels.
The Indian economic system has many examples of start-ups and the federal government working in tandem in direction of frequent coverage outcomes. In monetary companies, start-ups are ushering in a cashless economic system and lowering large-scale inefficiencies. Within the retail sector, e-commerce corporations are facilitating doorstep entry to important gadgets at a time when the pandemic has made social distancing a actuality. Within the schooling sector, start-ups are serving to enhance studying outcomes, inside and outdoors authorities colleges. The following frontier for start-ups to handle massive issues by modern options in tandem with the federal government is defence and nationwide safety. Some distinctive options have already began popping up on the radar, however defence-tech is in a method nonetheless ready for a technology of first-movers.
With authorities and army leaders giving out an open name to personal gamers, the ball is now within the court docket of our younger entrepreneurs. It’s time for our younger high-spirited know-how regiment to come back out of hibernation and provides beginning to India’s first defence sector unicorn.
The author is former secretary (defence manufacturing), Ministry of Defence, and is at present Chairman, Competitors Advisory Providers, a strategic advisory agency.